Arabic Al-Baṣrah, city, capital of Al-Baṣrah muḥāfaẓah (governorate), southeastern Iraq. It is the principal port of Iraq. Basra is situated on the western bank of the Shaṭṭ Al-ʿArab (the waterway formed by the union of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers) at its exit from Lake Al-Ḥammār, 70 miles (110 km) by water above Al-Fāw (Fao) on the Arabian Gulf. The adjacent terrain is low-lying and deeply intersected by creeks and small watercourses.
A view of the courtyard of a traditional Basra house with “shanasheel,” finely crafted bay windows complete with intricate wooden lattices and stained glass, December 18, 2017. AFP / Haidar Mohammad Ali
Marsh Arabs – Adam’s Tree stands in the village of Al Korma about 50 miles from Basra in the Biblical area of the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates. Muslims believe this to be the place where the God created paradise and that this is the app.
The modern city of Basra is an agglomeration of three small towns, Basra, Al-ʿAshār, and Al-Maʿqil, and several small villages. Around these settlements are extensive palm groves intersected by drainage canals and minor inlets to a width of about 3 miles (5 km) from the Shaṭṭ Al-ʿArab. Basra is situated in an area that is very productive agriculturally despite its large swampy tracts, many of which were drained in the early 1990s. Crops grown include dates, corn (maize), rice, and millet. Pop. (2005 est.) 837,000.
The Basra Memorial is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission war memorial near Zubayr, Iraq. The memorial commemorates 40,682 Commonwealth forces(99% Indians) members who died during the Mesopotamian Campaign, from the Autumn of 1914 to the end of August 1921, and whose graves are not known. The memorial was designed by Edward Prioleau Warren. It was unveiled by Gilbert Clayton on 27 March 1929.